Things we love and hate about PHP

PHP is the largest used programming language in the web development community. It is used in more than 80% of all the websites that are “live” today. Its CMSs and Frameworks like Joomla, Drupal, Cake, Magento, Codeigniter and WordPress are being deployed by some of the most successful and hi-tech web platforms. In fact, it has been the language that brings Facebook to all desktops and smart devices!

However, it also has its fair share of haters. Many developers have commented that PHP stands good for as long as you are limited to website and web applications. Sometimes, the codes can become very dirty and a burden to maintain. However, all of it depends on how you are coding.

Things we love and hate about PHP

Here are some good and bad things that are true to the PHP programming language:

The GOOD

Easy to learn: PHP is arguably among the most accessible and easier programming language available. All due thanks to the excellent documentation and the updated online resources, it is very easy to understand. This also makes PHP one of the most popular web programming languages ever. According to Josh Lockhart, New Media Campaigns, “PHP has a small learning curve, fast development iteration and facilitates higher ease of development”.

PHP continues to evolve itself: Created back in 1994 when we had no concept of closure and namespaces, PHP has continued to evolve to become the best updated language for modern web development. PHP followers would say that people who want to move away from the language have most likely failed to understand its full capabilities. One will regard this statement when checking enhancements like Hack and HHVM Virtual Machine.

Easy to work upon: Spare the developers – their job is writing codes. But what about users who look up to the PHP platforms for their business? Well, PHPs CMSs solves all major problems of website maintenance and upgrades. CMSs like WordPress, Joomla and Drupal have made it easy even for a non-developer to create and maintain a high-functional website. Further, a huge CMS community comes to help with its plugins, fixes, ad-ons and other answers.

It gives you the job: For a developer knowledgeable in PHP, getting the job becomes quite easy. PHP has a huge demand in the market and as already pointed, 80% of websites are looking to work with PHP. So, if you are expert in PHP, you get the job and the money that comes with it!

The BAD

Haters will be haters! However, there has been massive “thumbs down” on the PHP language, its framework and even the ecosystem. Sometimes, the language can bring surprises and is criticized for being inconsistent. The biggest complaint against PHP is it being “opaque, saddled with weak and complex typing and with negligible traces of stacks”.

For modern developers, the disadvantages with PHP lie in:

ü  A lot of “legacy baggage” like magic quotes, globals, etc

ü  Less focused compared to other languages

ü  Inconsistent language, especially its argument ordering and function names

However, we would say that if one knew what PHP caters with, these inconsistencies can be played through and a greater setup can be focused on.

Why Is PHP Considered A Loosely Typed Language? Top 3 Reasons For PHP’s Popularity

A Loosely typed language is a language that can create variables of different types easily. It refers to those programming scripts that do not require defining a variable type. To put it simply, while declaring a variable in these programming scripts, there is no need of defining or classifying the data type stored in them. While working with these programming scripts, you need to use a sign for each variable type(like string, integer, float, etc.) to declare them. You just need to assign a string value to the variable, to define that our variable is an integer. This is the reason why PHP is a loosely typed language. 

 

What is PHP Script?

As PHP does not require defining the variable type. As a result, you are not restricted to a limited type of data. Quite inevitably, it proves to be highly beneficial for programmers, as they enjoy optimum flexibility.

Why is PHP considered a loosely typed language

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The PHP script is very much popular among programmers and developers to develop various kinds of applications. As a loosely typed language, this particular script offers golden opportunities to programmers for designing great software programs. It is the most widely used language for developing web applications. There are many factors that attract developers and users to use PHP in their applications. Here in this article, we have jotted down the reasons that make PHP so popular among all – 

1. Optimum Flexibility

While creating dynamic applications, it is the flexibility of a loosely typed programming script that renders the most useful assistance. Because of their nature, dynamic applications are quite tough to work with. Often, these applications have to determine actions based on unknown data. Using the PHP programming script proves to be the best shots, in this context. It does not enforce data types on variables, and hence offers complete flexibility in complex programming.

2. Complete Programming Liberty

In cases of strongly typed languages, the programming rules are already pre-set and pre-determined. Therefore, the programmer cannot do any changes to it as per preference. In this context, however, situations are completely different with PHP. By allowing programmers to set their own programming rules, this particular programming script offers them freedom of operation.

3. Simplicity & Cost

The PHP language is one of the most simple programming languages. Like other languages, it is bound to have its bits and bytes, but still, it is compatible to run on any system productively. Writing a PHP script is pretty much straightforward and simple as opposed to another language. It also allows programmers to write customized scripts. The cost factor also makes PHP popular! As PHP is an open-source framework, that means it is completely free to use and is fully supported by documentation.

Summing Up

PHP programming script has gained traction with ingenious programmers and has become their current favorite, but as any other script PHP also comes with its share of drawbacks. While working with PHP, programmers need to have proper knowledge, otherwise, they might create vulnerable programming codes. As a loosely typed language, PHP creates some major possibilities of errors. Say, for instance, your code needs integer input, and your variable is in a string. As the most undesired output, the entire function will break. However, it is possible to overcome this issue by creating a properly structured and organized programming code.

So now you know why PHP is a loosely typed language and why it is so popular. This programming language has various benefits and it is widely used for web application development. Want to know more details about PHP? 

Stay tuned to this space! 

Or are you looking forward to having your dedicated web application built by using PHP? Contact GoodWorkLabs, one of the best web application development companies in Bangalore. Reach out to us and our team will discuss further about your requirements. Email us at – [email protected] or call at +91- 9863077000

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Top 5 PHP Programming Habits

In its early days, PHP programming was largely limited to being highly procedural. There were certain building blocks to every applications and these ‘procedures’ offered a degree of reusability by being called by other applications. However, a programmer can still introduce the OO characteristics without the constructs of object oriented language, into the codes. While the process if a tad bit difficult, the ability to be able to build relationships between interfaces and classes makes it easier to come up with codes that are governed by good OO practices.

Here are top 5 PHP coding habits that every programmer is expected to follow:

1.     Being a good neighbor

Classes should be able to handle errors self-sufficiently. Consequently, you should package them in a format that is easily understood by the caller. Further, it is better to avoid any returning object in a state of null or invalidity. This can simply be taken care of by throwing specific exceptions and verifying arguments to prove the invalidity of supplied arguments. This habit can save you from wasting a lot of time.

2.     Avoiding the Medusa!

Beginners in PHP are always confused about the importance of interfaces. However, experts and seasoned professionals suggest that not using interfaces would be like looking into the eyes of the Medusa. In mythology, any person who would look into the eyes of Medusa, a Greek Goddess with snakes for hair would turn into stone! Similarly, with interfaces, using them directly limits your options and your classes are set in stone.

Top 5 PHP Programming Habits

3.     Embracing the weakest links

It’s a good thing when you couple your modules loosely as they allow encapsulating change. The first and third habit mentioned above will also help your work towards modules that are coupled loosely. However, to loosely couple your classes, you should develop the final characteristics by lowering dependencies of classes – make this a habit. When trying to build OO designs, it is better to think of concepts like “Separation of Concerns”, wherein programmers try separating objects from classes, thus reducing the coupling.

4.     Being modest

Try not to expose yourself with your functions and class implementations. Hiding information is accepted as a foundational habit and it will get more difficult to build other good habits if you are already into hiding your implementations. Also referred to as encapsulation, exposing public fields makes you run out of options when things change in your implementations. It is better to use OO concepts to isolate the changes and stop them from spreading early on.

5.     Sticking to the family

The greatest disaster in OO programming is the copy-paste operations. Used without an upfront OO design, they can create havoc. Whenever, you are being tempted to use the same lines of codes from one class in another, it is a good habit to stop and consider how the class hierarchy can be leveraged to identical functionality. In most cases, copying codes is totally unnecessary when trying to come up with a good design.

Which programing practices form a part of your internal team checklist? Do leave in your comments and let us know.

Top 5 PHP frameworks

Top 5 PHP frameworks

Top 5 PHP frameworks

PHP has been one of the most celebrated web developing platforms across the globe. According to a survey by W3Techs, about 82% of the web servers use PHP at their backend to deliver a highly efficient and interactive experience to end users. The advantages of PHP lie in HTML on the front end supported by database integration capabilities. It is easy to learn and delivers super fast results while protecting the integrity of the design from all kinds of errors including XSS attacks, SQL injections and lot more. The popularity of PHP has led to several new frameworks being developed. Here are the top 5 PHP frameworks that every developer should use in 2015:

1.       CakePHP 3.0

A contemporary web development framework, CakePHP 3.0 is loaded with several unique features that include improved session management, enhanced helpers and components, ORM improvements, improved convention consistency and much more. The framework has also been integrated with an increased modularity that allows a vast standalone library ably supported by reduced coupling. Further, for a web developer, tools like PSR-0, PSR-1 and other composers are ammunition to achieve interoperability and efficiency.

2.       Phalcon

Phalcon is arguably the fastest among all existing PHP frameworks. To be implemented as an extension of C, Phalcon operates by low consumption of resources. The top features of this framework include security, translations, universal auto loader, assets management and several others. Web developers can use the Phalcon PHP framework to develop fully fledged MVC applications across single modules, multi modules and other micro applications.

3.       Laravel

Another recent and exciting addition to the top PHP frameworks is Laravel. This framework is equipped with several dozens of unique features including light weight tempting engine, native PHP and RESTful routing among others. Laravel has been developed using a variety of Symfony components and would be a strong foundation of well tested and reliable coding. Some other features that are worth mentioning about Laravel include the unique ORM, the simple authentication, a painless routing and a powerful and vast queue library.

4.       Symfony 2

Now upgraded to the 2.0 version, Symfony is a popular PHP framework that is used by developers worldwide to create amazing websites and web applications. Symfony 2.0 has been build using top components like Ez Publish, phpBB and Drupal. The framework is built and supported by more than 300,000 on-board developers and this has resulted in massive downloads crossing the mark of 1,000,000. Symfony further has more than a thousand contributors and an equally vast community of fans. It is expected that Symfony will soon grow to become the largest PHP framework ever used.

5.       Codeigniter

Codeigniter helps keep it simple but that’s where the efficiency lies. Any developer looking for a simple, easy to use and elegant PHP toolkit, Codeigniter is a definite solution. The framework has been behind some of the most eye-catching web applications. Some unique features of Codeigniter include a zero use of template language, zero restrictive rules of coding, standard hosting compatibility, simple monolithic libraries and close to zero configurations.

Using these 5 PHP frameworks, you as a developer can easily build a website or web application with awesome features within a very short duration. It is indeed difficult to choose the best framework because it all depends on your application requirements.

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